When we talk for Indian politics often we see it after the independence and perhaps it is the right perspective to see it. On This basis if we try to read the politics of next decade we need to take in to account the role of major components of Indian politics and their place in society as well.
After the independence of country in political arena there was no political power except of Congress but with the prism of society and literature this independence was half hearted and was not absolute in their definition and due to this the famous Hindi poet and person close to Congress party shri Ramdhari Singh Dinkar wrote an epic called “ Parashuram ki Pratishka” ( Waithing for the Parashuram Mythological figure and incarnation of Lord Vishnu who was partly Brahmin and Kshatriya) ) and in this epic he called for the nation to be prepare for the changes in future .
It was sufficient to prove that however Congress was politically powerful before independence and after that as well but other forces were also in the existence and the main political force which was occupying the space of opposition after independence was Jansngh the political wing of RSS. Although it was not decisive in its political stature but its mother organization Rastriya Swayam Sewak sangh (RSS) was socially more powerful and even before the RSS was established another socio religious organization Arya Samaj headed by saint Dayanad saraswati was very relevant force and more of the congress people had the background of Arya Samaj and because of their background they had been able to made them acceptable in social and political life.
When things started to change in country since 1919 when Congress under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi decided to support the Khilafat movement to get Muslims to their side in independence movement and Hindus found them more vulnerable before Islamic fundamentalism Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS ) was formed by former Congress member from Nagpur Dr Keshwarao Baliram Hedgewar to empower the Hindus and stop the aggression of Islamic fundamentalism. Later it became the representative of Hindu nationalism.
At the same time Communists and socialists also have some role and space in Indian politics as well.
So we can say that there were four components in Indian politics Congress, Hindu nationalists, Communists and Socialists.
The aspirations for change which erupted in 1970’s and led the formation of first Non Congress government at centre in 1977 could not be managed and channelized by nationalists and socialists and they divided on the demand from socialists to Hindu Nationalist leaders to leave their mother organization RSS.
After the divorce of Hindu Nationalists and socialists Hindu Nationalists formed their own political party in the name of Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP) and led the movement of Hindu nationalism with a demand to build the Ram Temple at the birth place of lord Ram in Ayodhya. People supported the movement and it ultimately polarized the country and BJP emerge as the pivot of Anti Congress force with less tolerance to Islamic fundamentalism with more pro growth and development as well as with vision to public people participation in economy.
From 1998 to 2004 Hindu Nationalist BJP led the government at centre and gave new dimension to Indian economic and foreign policy with more pro US and pro Israel tilt and more economic liberalization.
In the mean time Indian politics witnessed lot of ups and down and due to this the second decade of 21st century shows us very gloomy picture of our polity. In present circumstances Congress party has become as status quo political force and unable to carry the aspirations of the people of the change with them and at the same time decay in communist ideology and erosion in socialist leadership has created a political vacuum in the country. . It has provided ample opportunities to Hindu Nationalist to hold their grip and fulfill the space between right and liberals.
In last two decades Globalization and liberalization has created a new middle class in India which is keen to become part of power structure with its aspirations and own agenda. This Middle class is totally confused to set its agenda for the future and they are looking to replace the traditional elites in power, media and polity. This new Middle class has become the driving force of Indian economy and polity and looking for their leadership who can represent the vision of Neo Conservatives (Not In the context of USA but with more similarity).
In present circumstances the total population can be divided in four parts. The people who have born in last two decades and those who make up between 16 to 22 years. The people who fall between 22 to 35 years. Population of people between 35 to 50 years and those who are above 50 years.
According to our facility we have categorized this population. The population which fall between 16 to 22 years can be called fun society as for them every issue is like a fun and event for them which they want to enjoy it and they enjoy their life with cricket, movie, Pepsi, Cola, Pizza, Berger, Dating and they need everything to be presented before them in very light way as part of their fun. They are more globally exposed and their acquaintance with technology and modernity has influenced their attitudes and their parents.
The second part of the population are the people who fall between 22to 35 years and it can be named as flying society because they are running and flying and because of their dream, burden and aspirations they spend their most of the day in commuting the trains and metros or flying from one city to another . They need to be adjusted with their aspirations. They look for new system which could provide them more mental, physical and economic stability and solace.
Third segment of the population are the people those who fall between 35 to 50 years and it could be called future vision society because they are worried for the future of their own and their next generation. They are worried for the education of their next generation, its sanskar ( Behaviour) , house , their own home , savings for the future and they are more keen to give the shape to the future of the nation because they club the future of their generations with nation and society. It is important to put the issues before them in very serious and useful manners because some of them are unable to adjust with fast growing idioms and methods and this is the reason why they have become silent and introvert.
To make things easy for them the idioms of traditional communication required which contains literature and art. It has been found that although people of this section of age group use the new methods but they are not more serious about cyber or social media or other new methods and they want more serious efforts. One more important thing about this section of people is that most of them are in the phase of transition as their past ideology has become irrelevant or on the path of erosion and they are not been able to find any new alternative ideology so they are hoping for something new and dynamic.
Wait and watch society is made of the people of above 50 years which are so much scared and feels alienated with fast growing changes in everywhere and they are unable to identify their role in present scenario . They are also concerned with value based and ideology based politics.
In this way we can say that Indian politics is going through the transition phase and everyone is looking for the new ideology and this new ideology should be the extension of sanatan ( Eternal) tradition.
Indian Politics in Global context
The division of left and right came in existence after French revolution when parliament sat and in which composition which party sat was named accordingly to that. In this context if we analyse politics of west we can say that right means those who approves the role of institutional religion in politics, gives more importance to military and always eager to take the help of military in clashes and nourishes the free market economy to minimize the role of state in economic affairs and everything will be rested upon the market to decide. On the contrary left means the issues of humanitarian and public affairs will be raised and state would have more roles for the welfare of the people. The left in western context also maintains that nationalism is not good thing and particularly in Europe they want state to be almost impotent.
If we tend to see the politics in global perspective we can witness a new phenomenon. Before second world war fascist and communist forces had joined the hands and this alliance of extreme left and right had made the second world war inevitable but in present circumstances we can see that moderate right and moderate left are coming together on the issues of human welfare.
We have seen the coalition in Britain which is working on this pattern and this phenomenon is also visible in other parts of the western countries as well. In last presidential elections of France we have witnessed how right and left come together to insure the win of socialist leader after one and half decade.
In last presidential elections in US we have found that right have not been able to enlarge its base among left constituency and it lag them behind.
This global phenomenon proves that present political climate is not conducive for the fundamentalist politics although fundamentalist forces always have their say but they are relevant only to a limited way. As in some of the western countries anti immigration political parties are emerging and blocking the road of mainstream right wing political parties to muster the majority but they are not being able to win on their own and they are exploring the way to come in coalition with left and socialist parties.
In present circumstances if we correlate the global politics in Indian context we can find it easily that in Indian context right wing politics defines the Hindu nationalist politics because the identity of nation, security of the borders, role of spiritualism in politics all are the component of right wing politics and those issues which are being defined as left are decentralization of politics, decentralization of capital , free market should not be allowed to crush the human civilization and lust should not be the sole criteria for market economy . In Indian context we see that all these issues have always been the part of Indian ethos and time needs to redefine the politics and break the divide of right and left to make our polity coherent to our spiritual values.
Nowadays when Communism and socialism is on the path of fast erosion and Congress has become the status quo political force people are unable to connect their aspirations with these forces and it provides an unique opportunity for a broader Hindu nationalist coalition which could comprise of right, moderate right, fundamentalists, humanitarian and old socialists and all of these forces should get united under the slogan of spiritual politics.
India is on the verge of redefining the right wing politics and Israel along with India will become second nation to have right wing alliance led by Hindu nationalists as for both of the nations their identity is crucial for the survival of their civilizational identity. The future of the world will be reshaped with alliance of India and Israel as both of them are complimentary to each other with India has numbers and Israel has technology and might.
The whole world looks for China but if Indian politicians have their fingers on the pulse they can lead the world and give new dimensions and definitions to right wing politics and pave the way for more civilized world.