In Last few weeks Modi government has exposed to the ever lasting dichotomy of Hindu rights in Indian politics. Although Hindu nationalists claim the division of right and left in modern polity is more a borrowed concpet for India as it was concptualised during french revolution where first parliament sat and those who sat on right side were termed as rights and those who sat on the left side became left but it was not so simple and had some ideological conotations for this. But division of right and left has not been so easy and in last few centuries it has journeyed a long road and several ideologies shaped this whole debate . In contemporary political scene only two things divide the debate of right and left , one who supports Israel and USA along with more free market economy are considered right . On the contrary who oppose USA and Israel more vehemently along with demand of more state controlled economy are termed as left. There would be more other strings to the debate and symptoms of the division of right and left but others matter very less in the latest definition of right and left as the article of faith. In between right and left one other element which creates balance are the liberals who advocates more freedom for individuals and undermines states but whenever liberals swings to the right it ignites the debate in right direction but when it swings in favor of left it evolves non state actors with theory of victim hood and persecuted syndrome to create more anarchy.
Since second world war the politics of the world revolves round this phenomenon and we need to keep in our mind this reality .
In Indian context the balancing force is left not liberals. In modern context those who can be considered as rights are Hindu rights because the right wing politics in India has evolved around the Hindu organisations and for a long time Communists led the left space of Indian politics but actually Communists does not represent the whole left of the country. More of the regional aspirations and caste based political movements and forces also make up the left space .
Since independence the regional aspirations and cast based movements have been the balancing force in Indian politics and they always aligned against center right which was congress till 1980’s . After 1984 the Hindutva movement broke the alliance center and right and created own space for right but its dichotomy starts since then as well. The Hindu right which since 80’s become politics of Hindutva is unable to define its political and economic doctrine. This movement derives its whole inspiration from Indian civilizational pride with a motive to reestablish it and in that process they find them more closer to left minus communists.
After independence When first Prime Minister of India came out with Hindu code Bill RSS and its affiliates oppose it as an attempt to attack family institutions of Hindu culture in their views one of the strongest pillar of its continuity and uniqueness . From time to time Hindu organisations opposed any measure towards modernity which requires for more freedom to individual from stagnation and institutionalization . This process of modernization does not limits itself to social issues only its impact also becomes visible in economic issues as well. When social values and customs scrolls to change the thought process changes and its immediate effect is being seen in the economy also.
In 1980’s when the discussion for use of more technology in agriculture and other sectors started we again witnessed that several Hindu organisations opposed to this development and they were gripped under fear of machines taking over the indigenous culture of work force of India. The use of tractor and computers was vehemently opposed in initial years.
In 1990’s when Indian economy was opened up for more liberalization and foreign investment the same discussion started with fear of repeat of East India company like situation where India would be under subjugation of foreign powers .
The issue of economy and culture can not be separated because to some extent they support each other and compliment each other. But it is also true that Hindu culture in itself has not been able to evolve its own economic model in consonance to its culture. It has to abide by the modern existing system and choose between right and left until it creates own model and earns the might and strength to impose it on others.
The fear of change and losing the identity and customs which has been followed for generations is the worst fear which make any individual or society to decide between its modernity and stagnation.
The temptation to look into past and live into past are two different things . Modernity never demand to delink yourself from roots, history and your past even it can be better guide to prepare for future with more experience . But being stagnant in the fear of losing the identity only left one behind and makes more isolated and frustrated to develop mentality of siege.
In last several decades Hindutva has always dragged its feet from bold innovative path of modernity to swim in the stream to catch the time in time. The whole debate on Hindutva and deadlock on economic issues in parliament are somehow interconnected and only expose the dichotomy of Hindutva to fix its priorities on issues and defining its socio economic doctrine. First time Hindutva have been able to come on the center of Indian politics and they need to be more clear and specific in their views . It is high time for them to choose between turning liberal left or evolving a new kind of liberal right.